Togo’s Constitution of 1992 with Amendments through 2007

Judicial Independence

Article 113. The Judicial Power is independent of the Legislative Power and of the Executive Power. The judges are only subject in the exercise of their functions to the authority of the law. The Judicial Power is the guarantor of the individual freedoms and of the fundamental rights of the citizens.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 116. The Superior Council of the Magistrature is composed of nine (9) members: • Three magistrates of the Supreme Court; • Four magistrates of the Courts of Appeal and of the Tribunals; • one deputy elected by the National Assembly by ballot; • one noted person who does not belong either to the National Assembly, or to the Government or to the magistrature, chosen by the President of the Republic on the basis of their competence. It is presided over by the President of the Supreme Court. The magistrates members of the said Council, with the exception of the President of the Supreme Court, member of right, are elected by their peers by secret ballot The members of the Superior Council of the Magistrature are appointed for mandate of four (4) years renewable one sole time.

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations