Togo’s Constitution of 1992 with Amendments through 2007
Article 113. The Judicial Power is independent of the Legislative Power and of the Executive Power. The judges are only subject in the exercise of their functions to the authority of the law. The Judicial Power is the guarantor of the individual freedoms and of the fundamental rights of the citizens.
Judicial Council or Parallel Institution
Article 116. The Superior Council of the Magistrature is composed of nine (9) members: • Three magistrates of the Supreme Court; • Four magistrates of the Courts of Appeal and of the Tribunals; • one deputy elected by the National Assembly by ballot; • one noted person who does not belong either to the National Assembly, or to the Government or to the magistrature, chosen by the President of the Republic on the basis of their competence. It is presided over by the President of the Supreme Court. The magistrates members of the said Council, with the exception of the President of the Supreme Court, member of right, are elected by their peers by secret ballot The members of the Superior Council of the Magistrature are appointed for mandate of four (4) years renewable one sole time.