Uganda’s Constitution of 1995 with Amendments through 2017

Judicial Independence

Article 128. 1. In the exercise of judicial power, the courts shall be independent and shall not be subject to the control or direction of any person or authority. 2. No person or authority shall interfere with the courts or judicial officers in the exercise of their judicial functions. 3. All organs and agencies of the State shall accord to the courts such assistance as may be required to ensure the effectiveness of the courts. 4. A person exercising judicial power shall not be liable to any action or suit for any act or omission by that person in the exercise of judicial power. 5. The administrative expenses of the Judiciary including all salaries, allowances, gratuities and pensions payable to or in respect of persons serving in the Judiciary, shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund. 6. The Judiciary shall be self-accounting and may deal directly with the Ministry responsible for finance in relation to its finances. 7. The salary, allowances, privileges and retirement benefits and other conditions of service of a judicial officer or other person exercising judicial power, shall not be varied to his or her disadvantage. 8. The office of the Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice, Principal Judge, a Justice of the Supreme Court, a Justice of Appeal or a Judge of the High Court shall not be abolished when there is a substantive holder of that office.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 129. The courts of Judicature 1. The judicial power of Uganda shall be exercised by the Courts of Judicature which shall consist of a. the Supreme Court of Uganda; b. the Court of Appeal of Uganda; c. the High Court of Uganda; and d. such subordinate courts as Parliament may by law establish, including Qadhis’ courts for marriage, divorce, inheritance of property and guardianship, as may be prescribed by Parliament. 2. The Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the High Court of Uganda shall be superior courts of record and shall each have all the powers of such a court. 3. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament may make provision for the jurisdiction and procedure of the courts.

Attorney General’s Office

Article 119A. 1. There shall be a Deputy Attorney General who shall be a Minister appointed by the President under article 114 with the approval of Parliament. 2. A person shall not be qualified to be appointed Deputy Attorney General unless he or she is qualified to practise as an advocate of the High Court and has so practiced or gained the necessary experience for not less than seven years. 3. The Deputy Attorney General shall deputize for the Attorney General.

Human Rights Council

Reimagining justice: confronting contemporary challenges to the independence of judges and lawyers, June 26, 2023

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors