Timor-Leste’s Constitution of 2002

Judicial Independence

Article 119. The courts are independent and subject only to the Constitution and to the law.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 128. 1. The Superior Council for the judiciary is the organ of conduct and discipline of the judges of the courts and it is incumbent upon it to appoint, assign, transfer and promote the judges. 2. The Superior Council for the Judiciary is presided over by the President of the Supreme Court of Justice and is composed of the following members: a. one designated by the President of the Republic; b. one elected by the National Parliament; c. one designated by the Government; d. one elected by the judges of the courts of law from among their peers. 3. The law regulates the competence, organization and functioning of the Superior Council for the Judiciary.

Attorney General’s Office

Article 133: 1. The Office of the Prosecutor-General is the highest authority in public prosecution, and its composition and competencies is defined by law. 2. The Office of the Prosecutor-General is directed by the Prosecutor-General, in whose absence or inability to act, shall be replaced in accordance with the law. 3. The Prosecutor-General shall be appointed by the President of the Republic for a term of office of six years, in accordance with the terms established by law. 4. The Prosecutor-General is accountable to the Head of State and shall submit annual reports to the National Parliament. 5. The Prosecutor-General shall request the Supreme Court of Justice to make a generally binding declaration of unconstitutionality of any law ruled unconstitutional in three concrete cases. 6. The Deputy Prosecutor-General shall be appointed, dismissed or removed from office by the President of the Republic after consultation with the Superior Council for the Public Prosecution.

Human Rights Council

Reimagining justice: confronting contemporary challenges to the independence of judges and lawyers, June 26, 2023

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors