Syrian Arab Republic’s Constitution of 2012
Article 134. 1. Judges are independent and there is no authority over them except that of the law; 2. The judges’ honor, conscience and impartiality constitute the guarantees for people’s rights and freedoms.
Judicial Council or Parallel Institution
Article 132. The judicial authority is independent; and the President of the Republic insures this independence assisted by the Supreme Judicial Council.
Article 133. 1. The Supreme Judicial Council is headed by the President of the Republic; and the law states the way it shall be formed, its mandate and its rules of procedures; 2. The Supreme Judicial Council insures the provision of the guarantees necessary for the independence of the judiciary.
Attorney General’s Office
Article 137. The Attorney General’s Office is a single judicial institution headed by the Minister of Justice. The law regulates its function and mandate.