Syrian Arab Republic’s Constitution of 2012

Judicial Independence

Article 134. 1. Judges are independent and there is no authority over them except that of the law; 2. The judges’ honor, conscience and impartiality constitute the guarantees for people’s rights and freedoms.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 132. The judicial authority is independent; and the President of the Republic insures this independence assisted by the Supreme Judicial Council.
Article 133. 1. The Supreme Judicial Council is headed by the President of the Republic; and the law states the way it shall be formed, its mandate and its rules of procedures; 2. The Supreme Judicial Council insures the provision of the guarantees necessary for the independence of the judiciary.

Attorney General’s Office

Article 137. The Attorney General’s Office is a single judicial institution headed by the Minister of Justice. The law regulates its function and mandate.

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations

Human Rights Council - June 22, 2018

Report on Judicial Councils

General Assembly -October 17, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime

Human Rights Council - June 12, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime