Syrian Arab Republic’s Constitution of 2012

Judicial Independence

Article 134. 1. Judges are independent and there is no authority over them except that of the law; 2. The judges’ honor, conscience and impartiality constitute the guarantees for people’s rights and freedoms.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 132. The judicial authority is independent; and the President of the Republic insures this independence assisted by the Supreme Judicial Council.
Article 133. 1. The Supreme Judicial Council is headed by the President of the Republic; and the law states the way it shall be formed, its mandate and its rules of procedures; 2. The Supreme Judicial Council insures the provision of the guarantees necessary for the independence of the judiciary.

Attorney General’s Office

Article 137. The Attorney General’s Office is a single judicial institution headed by the Minister of Justice. The law regulates its function and mandate.

Human Rights Council

Reimagining justice: confronting contemporary challenges to the independence of judges and lawyers, June 26, 2023

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors