Switzerland’s Constitution of 1999 with Amendments through 2014
Article 30. 1. Any person whose case falls to be judicially decided has the right to have their case heard by a legally constituted, competent, independent and impartial court. Ad hoc courts are prohibited. Article 191c. The judicial authorities are independent in the exercise of their judicial powers and are bound only by the law.
Judicial Council or Parallel Institution or Method of Appointment
Article 168. 1. The Federal Assembly elects the members of the Federal Council, the Federal Chancellor, the judges of the Federal Supreme Court and, in times of war, the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces (“the General”). 2. The law may authorise the Federal Assembly to make or confirm other appointments.