Republic of Moldova’s Constitution of 1994 with Amendments through 2016

Judicial Independence

Article 116. 1. Judges sitting in the courts of law shall be independent, impartial and irremovable under the law.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 116. […] 2. Judges sitting in the courts of law shall be appointed, under the law, by the President of the Republic of Moldova upon proposal submitted by the Superior Council of Magistrates. Judges who successfully passed the contest shall be firstly appointed for a 5-year term of office. After the expiration of the 5-year term of office, the judges shall be appointed to this position until reaching the age limit fixed under the law.
Article 122. 1. The Superior Council of Magistrates shall consist of judges and university lecturers elected for tenure of 4 years. 2. The President of the Supreme Court of Justice, the Minister of Justice and the Prosecutor General shall de jure belong to the Superior Council of Magistrates.
Article 123. 1. The Superior Council of Magistrates shall ensure the appointment, transfer, removal from office, upgrading and imposing of the disciplinary sentences against judges. 2. The manner of organisation and functioning of the Superior Council of Magistrates shall be laid down by organic law.

Attorney General’s Office

Article 124: 1. The prosecution system shall represent the general interests of the society, defend the rule of law and the citizens’ rights and liberties, it shall also supervise and exercise, under the law, the criminal prosecution and bring the accusation in the courts of law. 2. The public prosecution system shall include the General Prosecutor’s Office, the territorial and specialised prosecution offices. 3. The structure, ambit of competence and the manner of operation of the prosecution offices shall be provided for by law.

Human Rights Council

Reimagining justice: confronting contemporary challenges to the independence of judges and lawyers, June 26, 2023

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors