Pakistan’s Constitution of 1973, Reinstated in 2002, with Amendments through 2017

Judicial Independence

Preamble. Wherein the independence of the judiciary shall be fully secured; […]

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 175 A. 1. There shall be a Judicial Commission of Pakistan, hereinafter in this Article referred to as the Commission, for appointment of Judges of the Supreme Court, High Courts and the Federal Shariat Court, as hereinafter provided. Ordinary court selection 2. For appointment of Judges of the Supreme Court, the Commission shall consist of: i. Chief Justice of Pakistan – Chairman; ii. four most senior Judges of the Supreme Court – Members; iii. a former Chief Justice or a former Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan to be nominated by the Chief Justice of Pakistan, in consultation with the four member Judges, for a term of two years – Member; iv. Federal Minister for Law and Justice – Member; v. Attorney-General for Pakistan – Member; and vi. a Senior Advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan nominated by the Pakistan Bar Council for a term of two years.
Article 209. Supreme Judicial Council 1. There shall be a Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan, in this Chapter referred to as the Council. 2. The Council shall consist of: a. the Chief Justice of Pakistan; b. the two next most senior Judges of the Supreme Court; and c. the two most senior Chief Justices of High Courts. […].

Attorney General’s Office

Article 100. 1. The President shall appoint a person, being a person qualified to be appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court, to be the Attorney-General for Pakistan. 2. The Attorney-General shall hold office during the pleasure of the President and shall not engage in private practice so long as he holds the office of the Attorney-General. 3. It shall be the duty of the Attorney-General to give advice to the Federal Government upon such legal matters, and to perform such other duties of a legal character, as may be referred or assigned to him by the Federal Government, and in the performance of his duties he shall have the right of audience in all courts and tribunals in Pakistan. 4. The Attorney-General may, by writing under his hand addressed to the President, resign his office.

Human Rights Council

Reimagining justice: confronting contemporary challenges to the independence of judges and lawyers, June 26, 2023

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors