Nicaragua’s Constitution of 1987 with Amendments through 2014

Judicial Independence

Article 129. The Legislative, Executive, Judicial and Electoral Powers are independent of one another and coordinate harmoniously, subordinated only to the supreme interests of the nation and to what is established in this Constitution.
Article 166. In their judicial activity Magistrates and Judges are independent and have to obey only the Constitution and the law; they shall be governed by, among others, the principles of equality, swift proceedings and right to defense. In Nicaragua justice is free of charge and public. The administration of justice shall be organized and shall function with popular participation as determined by the laws.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 165. A National Council for Judicial Administration and Career is created as a body of the Supreme Court of Justice and is provided with technical and functional autonomy to exercise the competence to coordinate, plan and execute the administrative and financial policy of the Judicial Power, direct the Judicial Career and consider, investigate and resolve violations of the disciplinary regime committed by members of the profession and judicial career officials. The Council shall consists of four magistrates of the Supreme Court of Justice, including its President which shall chair it, as the President of the Supreme Court of Justice is in charge of the administrative, legal and institutional representation of the Judicial Power. The remaining three members shall be elected with the favorable vote of the majority of the members of the plenary of the Supreme Court of Justice. The members of the Council do not form part of any of the chambers of the Court and dedicate themselves exclusively to these functions during their term which shall run for two years and a half, save for sitting as members of the full Court, and may in no case be replaced by magistrates sitting in any of the chambers. The Council shall sit with a minimum of three of its members and shall adopt decisions with a majority of their votes. […]

Attorney General’s Office

Article 138. 9. b. The Public Prosecutor who shall be in charge of the Public Prosecutor’s Office, and the Deputy Public Prosecutor who must fulfill the requirements needed for a Magistrate of the Supreme Court of Justice. […]

Human Rights Council

Reimagining justice: confronting contemporary challenges to the independence of judges and lawyers, June 26, 2023

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors