Mauritania’s Constitution of 1991 with Amendments through 2012


Judicial Independence

Article 89. The judicial power is independent of the legislative power and of the executive power. The President of the Republic is guarantor of the independence of the Magistrature. He is assisted by the Superior Council of the Magistrature, over which he presides. The Superior Council of the Magistrature includes two formations, one competent vis-à-vis the presiding magistrates, the other vis-à-vis of the prosecuting magistrates. Within the respect of the principle of the independence of the Magistrature, an organic law establishes the status of the magistrates and defines the rules of organization and of functioning of the Superior Council of the Magistrature.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 89. […]Within the respect of the principle of the independence of the Magistrature, an organic law establishes the status of the magistrates and defines the rules of organization and of functioning of the Superior Council of the Magistrature.

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations

Human Rights Council - June 22, 2018

Report on Judicial Councils

General Assembly -October 17, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime

Human Rights Council - June 12, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime