Lithuania’s Constitution of 1992 with Amendments through 2006


Judicial Independence

 
Article 104. While in office, justices of the Constitutional Court shall be independent of any other State institution, person or organization, and shall follow only the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania. […]. Article 109. In the Republic of Lithuania, justice shall be administered only by courts. While administering justice, the judge and courts shall be independent. When considering cases, judges shall obey only the law. The court shall adopt decisions in the name of the Republic of Lithuania.
 
Article 114. Interference by institutions of State power and governance, members of the Seimasand other officials, political parties, political and public organization, or citizens with the activities of a judge or the court shall be prohibited and shall incur liability provided for by law. A judge may not be held criminally liable, arrested or have his freedom restricted otherwise without the consent of the Seimas, or, in the period between the sessions of the Seimas, without the consent of the President of the Republic of Lithuania.
 

Judicial Council and Parallel Institution

 
Article 112. In Lithuania, only citizens of the Republic of Lithuania may be judges. Justices of the Supreme Court as well as its President chosen from among them shall be appointed and dismissed by the Seimas upon the submission of the President of the Republic […]. Article 114. Interference by institutions of State power and governance, Members of the Seimasand other officials, political parties, political and public organization, or citizens with the activities of a judge or the court shall be prohibited and shall incur liability provided for by law. A judge may not be held criminally liable, arrested or have his freedom restricted otherwise without the consent of the Seimas, or, in the period between the sessions of the Seimas, without the consent of the President of the Republic of Lithuania.
 

Attorney General Office

 
Article 118. Pre-trial investigation shall be organized and directed, and charges on behalf of the State in criminal cases shall be upheld by the prosecutor. When performing his functions, the prosecutor shall be independent and shall obey only the law. The Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Lithuania shall be the Office of the Prosecutor-General and territorial prosecutor’s offices. The Prosecutor-General shall be appointed and dismissed by the President of the Republic upon the assent of the Seimas. The procedure for the appointment and dismissal of prosecutors and their status shall be established by law.

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations

Human Rights Council - June 22, 2018

Report on Judicial Councils

General Assembly -October 17, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime

Human Rights Council - June 12, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime