Liechtenstein’s Constitution of 1921 with Amendments through 2011

Judicial Independence

Article 95. 1. The whole administration of justice shall be carried out in the name of the Prince Regnant and the People by responsible judges appointed by the Prince Regnant(Art. 11). The decisions of the judges in the form of judgments shall be delivered and drawn up “in the name of the Prince and the People”. 2. The judges, within the lawful limit of their powers and when engaged in judicial proceedings, shall, in the exercise of their judicial office, be independent. Their decisions and judgements shall be accompanied by the grounds for such. The influence of nonjudicial bodies on these decisions and judgements is only permissible to the extent expressly provided for by the Constitution (Art. 12). 3. Judges within the scope of this Article are the judges at all ordinary courts (Art.97 to 101), the Administrative Court (Art. 102 and 103) and the Constitutional Court (Art. 104 and 105).

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 96. 1. For the selection of judges, the Prince Regnant and Parliament shall refer to a joint commission chaired by the Prince, who shall have a casting vote. He may appoint as many members to this body as Parliament delegates representatives. Parliament shall appoint one member for each electoral group represented in it. The Government shall appoint the member of the Government responsible for supervising the administration of justice. The commission’s deliberations shall be confidential. The commission may only recommend candidates to Parliament with the Prince’s assent. If Parliament chooses the recommended candidate, he or she shall be appointed a judge by the Prince. 2. If Parliament rejects a candidate recommended by the commission and no agreement on a new candidate can be reached within four weeks, Parliament shall propose its own candidate and set a date for a referendum. In the event of a referendum, the citizens entitled to vote shall have the right to nominate candidates under the conditions of an initiative (Art. 64). If the vote concerns more than two candidates, a second ballot must be held pursuant to Art. 113 Para. 2. The candidate who receives the absolute majority of votes cast shall be appointed a judge by the Prince.A judge appointed for a fixed period shall remain in office until his successor is sworn in.

Attorney General’s Office

Article 93. The following matters in particular shall fall within the sphere of action of the Government: a. supervision of all authorities and employees subordinate to the Government and the exercise of disciplinary powers in respect of employees; supervision and disciplinary powers in respect of public prosecutors shall be determined by law; […]

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations