Iraq’s Constitution of 2005

Judicial Independence

Article 19. The judiciary is independent and no power is above the judiciary except the law. Article 88. Judges are independent, and there is no authority over them except that of the law. No power shall have the right to interfere in the judiciary and the affairs of justice.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 91. The Higher Juridical Council shall exercise the following authorities: First. To manage the affairs of the judiciary and supervise the federal judiciary. Second. To nominate the Chief Justice and members of the Federal Court of Cassation, the Chief Public Prosecutor, and the Chief Justice of the Judiciary Oversight Commission, and to present those nominations to the Council of Representatives to approve their appointment. Third. To propose the draft of the annual budget of the federal judicial authority, and to present it to the Council of Representatives for approval.

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations

Human Rights Council - June 22, 2018

Report on Judicial Councils

General Assembly -October 17, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime

Human Rights Council - June 12, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime