Hungary’s Constitution of 2011 with Amendments through 2016


Judicial Independence

 
Article 26. 1.Judges shall be independent and only subordinated to laws and may not be instructed in relation to their judicial activities. Judges may only be removed from office for the reasons and in a procedure defined by a cardinal Act. Judges shall not be affiliated to any political party or engage in any political activity. 2.Professional judges shall be appointed by the President of the Republic, as provided for by a cardinal Act. Only persons having reached the age of thirty years may be appointed judge. Except for the President of the Curia and the President of the National Office for the Judiciary, the service relationship of judges shall terminate upon their reaching the general retirement age. 3. The President of the Curia shall be elected by the National Assembly from among the judges for nine years on the proposal of the President of the Republic. The President of the Curia shall be elected with the votes of two-thirds of the Members of the National Assembly.
 

Judicial Council and Parallel Institution

 
Article 25. 5.The central responsibilities of the administration of the courts shall be performed by the President of the National Office for the Judiciary. The National Council of Justice shall supervise the central administration of the courts. The National Council of Justice and other bodies of judicial self-government shall participate in the administration of the courts.
 

Attorney General’s Office

 
Article 29. 1.The Prosecutor General and the prosecution service shall be independent, shall contribute to the administration of justice by exclusively enforcing the State’s demand for punishment as public accuser. The prosecution service shall prosecute criminal offences, take action against other unlawful acts non-compliances, as well as contribute to the prevention of unlawful acts.

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations

Human Rights Council - June 22, 2018

Report on Judicial Councils

General Assembly -October 17, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime

Human Rights Council - June 12, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime