Article 2. The branches of the Union are the Legislative, the Executive and the Judiciary, which are independent and harmonious with each other.
Judicial Council or Parallel Institution
Article 93. VIII. The acts of removal, placement on paid leave and retirement of magistrates, in the public interest, must be based upon an absolute majority vote of the respective tribunal or of the National Council of Justice, assuring a full defense; Art 103-B. The National Council of Justice shall consist of fifteen members for a term of office of two years, with one renewal permitted, including: I. the President of the Supreme Federal Tribunal; II. a Minister of the Superior Tribunal of Justice, selected by that tribunal; III. a Minister of the Superior Tribunal of Labor, selected by that tribunal; IV. a justice of the Tribunal of Justice, selected by the Supreme Federal Tribunal; V. a state judge, selected by the Supreme Federal Tribunal; VI. a judge of the Federal Regional Tribunal, selected by the Superior Tribunal of Justice; VII. a federal judge, selected by the Superior Tribunal of Justice; VIII. a judge of the Regional Labor Tribunal, selected by the Superior Labor Tribunal; IX. a labor judge, selected by the Superior Labor Tribunal; X. a member of the Public Ministry of the Union, selected by the Procurator-General of the Republic; XI. a member of the state Public Ministry, selected by the Procurator General of the Republic from nominations by the competent body of each state institution; XII. two lawyers, selected by the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association; XIII. two citizens of notable legal knowledge and unblemished reputation, one selected by the Federal Chamber of Deputies and the other by the Federal Senate.
Attorney General’s Office
Article 128. 1. The head of the Public Ministry of the Federal Government is the Procurator-General of the Republic, appointed by the President of the Republic from career members over thirty-five years of age, after approval by an absolute majority of the members of the Federal Senate, for a term of office of two years, re-appointment being permitted.