Plurinational State of Bolivia’s Constitution of 2009
Article 12 I. The State organizes and structures its public power through Legislative, Executive, Judicial and Electoral bodies. The organization of the State is based on the independence, separation, coordination and cooperation among these bodies. […]
Article 178 I. The power to impart justice emanates from the Bolivian people and is based on the principles of independence, impartiality, juridical security, publicity, probity, and promptness, being free of charge, legal pluralism, being intercultural, equity, service to society, citizen participation, social harmony and respect for rights. II. The guarantees of judicial independence are: 1. The performance of the judges in accordance with a judicial career. 2. The budgetary autonomy of the judicial bodies.
Judicial Council or Parallel Institution
Article 179 I. The judicial function is singular. Ordinary jurisdiction is exercised by the Supreme Court of Justice, the departmental courts of justice, the sentencing courts and the judges; the agro-environmental jurisdiction is exercised by the Agro-Environmental Court and judges; and the rural native indigenous jurisdiction is exercised by their own authorities. There shall be specialized jurisdictions regulated by the law. II. Ordinary jurisdiction and rural native indigenous jurisdiction enjoy equal status. III. Constitutional justice is imparted by the Pluri-National Constitutional Court (Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional). IV. The Council of Judges is part of the Judicial Organ (Órgano Judicial).
Attorney General’s Office
Article 226. I. The Prosecutor or General Prosecutor of the State is the highest authority hierarchically of the Public Ministry and represents the institution. II. The Public Ministry shall have departmental prosecutors, prosecutors of specific matters and the other prosecutors established by the law.
Article 229. The Office of the Attorney General of the State is the institution of public juridical representation, which has the power to promote, defend and safeguard the interests of the State. Its organization and structure shall be determined by law.