Bahamas Constitution of 1973


Judicial Independence

 
Article 93. Establishment of Supreme Court 1. There shall be a Supreme Court for The Bahamas which shall have such jurisdiction and powers as may be conferred upon it by this Constitution or any other law. 2. The Justices of the Supreme Court shall be the Chief Justice and such number of other Justices as may be prescribed by Parliament. 3. No office of Justice of the Supreme Court shall be abolished while there is a substantive holder thereof. 4. The Supreme Court shall be a superior court of record and, save as otherwise provided by Parliament, shall have all the powers of such a court.
 

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

 
Article 116. Establishment and composition of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission 1. There shall be a Judicial and Legal Service Commission for The Bahamas. 2. The members of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission shall bea. the Chief Justice, who shall be Chairmen; b. such other Justice of the Supreme Court or Justice of Appeal as may be designated by the Governor-General, acting on the recommendation of the Chief Justice, by instrument under the Public Seal; c. the Chairman of the Public Service Commission; and d. two persons appointed by the Governor-General by instrument under the Public Seal, acting on the recommendation of the Prime Minister after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition […].
 

Attorney General’s Office

 
Article 78. The Attorney-General shall have power in any case in which he considers it desirable so to do— a. to institute and undertake criminal proceedings against any person before any court in respect of any offence against the law of The Bahamas; b. to take over and continue any such criminal proceedings that may have been instituted by any other person or authority; and c. to discontinue, at any stage before judgment is delivered, any such criminal proceedings instituted or undertaken by himself or any other person or authority. 2. The powers conferred upon the Attorney-General under paragraph (1) of this Article may be exercised by him in person or through other persons acting under and in accordance with his general or special instructions. 3. The powers conferred upon the Attorney-General by sub-paragraphs (1) (b) and (c) of this Article shall be vested in him to the exclusion of any other person or authority: Provided that, where any other person or authority has instituted criminal proceedings, nothing in this Article shall prevent the withdrawal of those proceedings by or at the instance of that person or authority at any stage before the person against whom the proceedings have been instituted has been charged before the court. 4. In the exercise of powers conferred upon him by this Article the Attorney-General shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority. 5. For the purposes of this Article, any appeal from any determination in any criminal proceedings before any court or any case stated or question of law reserved for the purpose of any such proceedings to any other court shall be deemed to be part of those proceedings.

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations

Human Rights Council - June 22, 2018

Report on Judicial Councils

General Assembly -October 17, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime

Human Rights Council - June 12, 2017

Report on Judicial Corruption and Organized Crime