Azerbaijan’s Constitution of 1995 with Amendments through 2016

Judicial Independence

Article 7. The Azerbaijan State I. The Azerbaijan State is a democratic, law-governed, secular, unitary republic. II. The Republic of Azerbaijan sovereign power in internal matters is confined to legal rules, while in international matters it is restricted to solely international agreements. III. State power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is based on the principle of separation of powers: • Legislative power is exercised by the Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan. • Executive power is vested in a President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. IV. According to the constitutional provisions, executive, legislative and judicial powers cooperate and are independent within the framework of their authority. Article 127. Principles of Justice I. Judges are autonomous, they are subordinate only to the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Azerbaijan and are irremovable during their term of office. II. Judges decide the cases in an unbiased, fair way, following the legal equality of the sides, on the basis of facts and in accordance with the law. III. Direct or indirect restriction of legal procedure on someone’s part and for some reason, illegal influence, pressure, threat, and interference is not permitted. […]

Attorney General’s Office

Article 133. I. The Office of the Procurator of the Republic of Azerbaijan, in the procedure and cases, specified by law, exercises control over the accurate and uniform execution and application of laws; supports in court State prosecution; brings in an action; institutes and proceedings and holds investigations; brings objections to the court’s decisions. There appears to be no attempt to curb the power of the Prosecutor, which has remained one of the several authoritarian features of the former Soviet regime. […].

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors

General Assembly - October 25, 2018

Report on Bar Associations