Judicial Independence

Article 175. In the exercise of their jurisdictional functions, the courts shall be independent and impartial and subject only to the Constitution and the law.

Judicial Council or Parallel Institution

Article 184. 1. The High Council of the Judicial Bench shall be the highest body responsible for managing and disciplining the judicial Bench, and shall, in general, be responsible for: a. Assessing the professional ability of judges and taking disciplinary action against them; b. Proposing the appointment of judges to the Constitutional Court, under the terms of the Constitution and the law; c. Ordering investigations, inspections and enquiries into the legal services and proposing the necessary measures required to ensure their efficiency and improvement; d. Proposing the appointment of members of the Bench to the Supreme Court; e. Appointing, placing, transferring and promoting judges, unless other provisions exist in the Constitution and the law; f. Organising the competitive submission of curricula for assessing the judges of the Court of Auditors. […]

Attorney General’s Office

Article 185. 1. The Public Prosecutor’s Office shall be the essential body of the Attorney-General’s Office in terms of the judicial function of the state and shall enjoy autonomy and its own status. 2. The autonomy of the Prosecutor’s Office shall be characterised by the fact that it is bound by the criteria of legality and objectivity. 3. The judges of the Public Prosecutor’s Office shall be accountable and shall form part of, and be subject to, a hierarchy, under the terms of the law.

Human Rights Council

Reimagining justice: confronting contemporary challenges to the independence of judges and lawyers, June 26, 2023

General Assembly

Judicial independence in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, October 14, 2022

Human Rights Council

Protection of lawyers against undue interference in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession, June 21, 2022

General Assembly

Participation of women in the administration of justice, October 13, 2021

Human Rights Council

Report on Impact and challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for independent justice, June 28, 2021

General Assembly

Report on Disciplinary Proceedings Against Judges, October 15, 2020

Human Rights Council

Report: Independence of Public Prosecutors, Corruption and Human Rights, July 13, 2020

General Assembly - October 16, 2019

Report on the UN Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

Human Rights Council - June 24, 2019

Report on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of judges and prosecutors